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Protection of Pupil Rights Amendment


The Protection of Pupil Rights Amendment (PPRA) (20 U.S.C. § 1232h; 34 CFR Part 98) applies to programs that receive funding from the U.S. Department of Education (ED). PPRA is intended to protect the rights of parents and students in two ways:

  1. It seeks to ensure that schools and contractors make instructional materials available for inspection by parents if those materials will be used in connection with an ED-funded survey, analysis or evaluation in which their children participate; and
  2. It seeks to ensure that schools and contractors obtain written parental consent before minor students are required to participate in any ED-funded survey, analysis or evaluation that reveals information concerning:
    • Political affiliations;
    • Mental and psychological problems potentially embarrassing to the student and his/her family;
    • Sex behavior and attitudes;
    • Illegal, anti-social, self-incriminating and demeaning behavior;
    • Critical appraisals of other individuals with whom respondents have close family relationships;
    • Legally recognized privileged or analogous relationships, such as those of lawyers, physicians and ministers; or
    • Income (other than that required by law to determine eligibility for participation in a program or for receiving financial assistance under such program).

At the beginning of each school year, parents/legal guardians receive information about PPRA either on InfoSnap when you register online or in your paper copies of the InfoSnap documents called Forms and Notices. However, that information is also available below.

Parents or students who believe their rights under PPRA may have been violated may file a complaint with U.S. Department of Education by writing the Family Policy Compliance Office.

Complaints must contain specific allegations of fact giving reasonable cause to believe that a violation of PPRA occurred.

For additional information or technical assistance, you may call (202) 260-3887 (voice). Individuals who use TDD may call the Federal Information Relay Service at 1-800-877-8339. Or you may contact the department at the following address:

Family Policy Compliance Office
U.S. Department of Education
400 Maryland Avenue, SW
Washington, D.C. 20202-5920